Morphology is the part of linguistics that deals with the study of words, their internal structure and partially their meanings. It refers to identification of a word stem from a full word form. A morpheme in morphology is the smallest units that carry meaning and fulfill some grammatical function.
Morphological Analysis is the process of providing grammatical information of a word given its suffix.
There are three principal approaches to morphology, which each try to capture the distinctions above in different ways. These are,
• Morpheme-based morphology also known as Item-and-Arrangement approach.
• Lexeme-based morphology also known as Item-and-Process approach.
• Word-based morphology also known as Word-and-Paradigm approach.
A morphological analyzer is a program for analyzing the morphology of an input word, it detects morphemes of any text. Presently we are referring to two types of morph analyzers for Indian languages: 1. Phrase level Morph Analyzer 2. Word level Morph Analyzer
Role of TDIL
Morphological analyzer is developed for some Indian languages under Machine Translation project of TDIL.